Cultural Data: Contested Object and Space for Policy Design and Civic Engagement
“Cultural Data” is a concept that brings together two very abstract and traditionally distinct notions. Their convergence, facilitated by the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in both private and public arts management and cultural administration institutions, gives rise to a new and particular object of study. Furthermore, Cultural Data today constitutes a contested space in which civil society and State aspirations collide, as both sides struggle to either control or expand particular ideas on cultural citizenship, cultural space and the purpose of cultural policy.
Access and use of ICTs by cultural networks, associations and other civil society collectives, coupled with particular aspirations advanced by the so-called Web 2.0 culture in general are turning Cultural Data into a new site for activism and civic engagement. This paper argues that the critical study of the concept of Cultural Data should bring together ideas from the fields of information, systems and cultural theory. The conclusion outlines potential directions for the critical study of Cultural Data, the dangers in its naturalization, and the role anthropology could have in furthering our understanding of the dynamics at play when informational objects converge with cultural and symbolic categories.
Presenté un paper titulado: “Todos somos dateros: Estrategias participativas basadas en Internet para fortalecer la ciudadanía, promover la salud y la calidad de vida en el Perú. Utilizé a Todos Somos Dateros como caso de estudio para sugerir como las tecnologías de “crowdsourcing” podrían ser utilizadas en diversos contextos de salud pública. Traté de demostrar como el uso de estas tecnologías han empezado a trastocar nociones convecionales de Traducción de Conocimiento y la manera en como concebimos de los Sistemas de Conocimiento en Salud. Abajo incluyo el Abstract en inglés:
“Todos somos dateros” (We are all data-providers): Internet-based participatory strategies to strengthen citizenship, promote health and quality of life in Peru
How can web-based crowdsourcing technologies provide new opportunities for civic engagement in the design, implementation and evaluation of public policies and programs related to health and quality of life? This paper presents “Todos Somos Dateros” (TSD) as a case study of a crowdsourcing model concerned with improving civic engagement on urban mobility issues in Lima, Peru. The experience of TSD can provide a number of preliminary lessons that can inform the implementation of crowdsourcing strategies aimed at other public issues, like mental and environmental health. Recent experiences with crowdsourcing suggest that these technologies and the information and relationships they produce, challenge the way we traditionally conceive of “evidence-based” actions, knowledge-to-action pathways, accountability, and governance issues, to name only a few dimensions for further study. More importantly, these experiences suggest that crowdsourcing technologies are powerful social-capital and collective-action generating technologies, a potential that could be capitalized by public health projects and initiatives around the globe.